PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

(Article 63 | POJ_0058.php) Issue

Thesis Abstract

THE EFFECTS OF L-CARNITINE SUPPLEMENTED DRINKS ON THE BODY COMPOSITION OF YOUNG OVERFAT FILIPINOS AGES 20 TO 35 YEARS OLD

Introduction | Methodology | Results | Conclusion | PDF () |Back to Articles Page

Submitted: May 2016

AUTHOR: KEVIN E. CARPIO

INSTITUTION WHERE STUDY WAS DONE: Philippine Women's Univeristy, Metro-Manila, Philippines

KEYWORDS:

INTRODUCTION | Back

Background.

Increased consumption of energy-dense, nutrient poor foods combined with reduced physical activity have led to the global burden of overweight and obesity. Based on the results of the National Nutrition Survey of 2013, there is an increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Philippines. L-carnitine is a popular supplement in the local market that can aid weight management because of its important role in lipid metabolism.

Objective.

This study aims to determine the effect of L-carnitine drinks on body composition after twelve weeks among young overfat Filipino adults.

METHODOLOGY | Back

Thirty six (36) human participants were randomly allocated into three groups: Group A is the control group and was given the placebo drink (plain water with colorant). Group B is the first experimental group and was given one 500 ml isotonic drink containing 900 mg of L-carnitine. Group C is the second experimental group and was given one juice drink with 900 mg L-carnitine. All groups consumed the test beverages once a day for twelve (12) weeks and were asked to maintain their usual diet and moderate level physical activity. Anthropometric parameters such as changes in body weight, body mass index, waist and hip circumference, percent body fat, fat mass, and lean body mass were analyzed.

RESULTS | Back

L-carnitine Group B (isotonic drink) and Group CUuice drink) exhibited significant reduction in body weight (1.72% and 1.20%, p<0.05), body mass index (1.79% and 1.29%, p<0.05), waist circumference (2.91% and 1.56%, p<0.05), percent body fat (3.64% and 2.31%, p<0.05),and fat mass (5.45% and 3.42%, p<0.05). The control group also showed changes in most anthropometric parameters but it was not statistically significant. Lean body mass levels did not significantly decrease in all treatment groups. Using two sample t-test, it was found that that the effect of L-carnitine isotonic drink did not differ significantly with that of the L-carnitine juice drink, particularly on weight, body fat, fat mass, and waist to hip ratio.

CONCLUSION: | Back

With usual diet and exercise, both L-carnitine drinks may help lower anthropometric parameters such as body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, and body fat. L-carnitine supplementation may be recommended as an adjunct to weight management especially among young overfat adults.

Introduction | Methodology | Results | Conclusion | Back to Articles Page