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PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: August 19, 2017

Abstract ID = 60 | Classification: (3) - Critical care and related issues

Title: Nutritional Status of Admitted Patients in the Intensive Care Unit of Hospitals in Iran

Author(s): Zeinab Javid (1), Mahdi Shadnoush (2), Abdolreza norouzy (3), Tannaz jami alahmadi (4), Batoul Khoundabi (5) , Seyed Mohammadreza Hashemian (5)

Institution where study was conducted:

  1. Student research committee, Department of nutrition,faculty of medicine,mashhad university of medical sciences, mashhad,iran
  2. Department of Clinical Nutrition Faculty of Nutrition & Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  3. Associate Professor in Clinical Nutrition, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  4. Student research committee, Department of nutrition,faculty of medicine,mashhad university of medical sciences, mashhad,iran
  5. Chronic Respiratory Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Keywords: Nutrition, SGA Score, NRS-2002 Score, NUTRIC Score, ICU

Background: Malnutrition is a general term to describe any imbalance in nutrition and it is one of the most serious problems in the world, especially in patients admitted to the hospitals.Studies show that the incidence of malnutrition in ICU patients is higher than in other patients

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional status of patients admitted to the intensive care units of hospitals of Iran by SGA, NRS-2002 and NUTRIC Score questionnaires on the day of admission and determining the prevalence of malnutrition

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1100 patients admitted to the intensive care unit of hospitals in Iran. Multistage cluster sampling was used for sample selection. Based on the 10 major healthcare area, 2 hospitals was selected based on the number of beds (over 200 and under 200 beds) from each area. Preferably, a hospital with more than 200 beds is selected from the provincial capital.

Results: 66 percent of patients were female with average of age 61.2±23.3.Nutric score, NRS-2002 score and SGA Score were averages 3.87±2.23, 4.27±1.2 and 1.73±0.7 respectively.

Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalence of malnutrition in ICUs is high. It could make many problems for patients and health care systems. The health care systems should assess the prevalence of malnutrition in ICUs frequently and if necessary they should plan interventions to improve the nutrition of patients

Email: javidz931@mums.ac.ir

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