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PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: September 22, 2017

Abstract ID = 76 | Classification: (10) - Others

Title: Dietary supplement–drug interactions of patients with chronic disease in community pharmacy

Author(s): Sornsuvit C1, Thampitak P1 , Tripetch P1

Institution where study was conducted: Faculty of Pharmacy Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Keywords: Nutrition supplement-drug interaction, chronic disease, community pharmacy

Background: Community pharmacy is the primary healthcare survice that chronic disease patients recive both medication and food supplement. Interaction between medication and food supplement potentially occur.

Objectives: The present study is a cross-sectional descriptive study, investigating the interactions between nutritional supplements and medications in patients with chronic disease. Data was collected by interviewing. A sample of 58 patients with chronic disease who co-used medications for chronic disease and food supplement : 41 out of 58 are over 60 years old. Collecting data was carried out at Chiang Mai University Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University.

Methods: Data was collected by interviewing. A sample of 58 patients with chronic illness who co-used medications for chronic disease and food supplement : 34 females (58.6%) and 24 males (41.4%), 41 out of 58 are over 60 years old (70.7%). Collecting data was carried out at Chiang Mai University Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Chiang Mai University.

Results: The findings indicated that the medications for chronic illness could be divided following diseases into 6 groups : hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular, diabetes, orthopedic and other chronic diseases. Obviously, the most taken drugs were for 55 The findings indicated that the medications for chronic diseases could be divided into 6 groups : hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular, diabetes, orthopedic and other chronic diseases. Obviously, the most taken drugs were for 55 hypertension patients (43.6%). Of these drugs, amlodipine was the most taken by 23 patients (18.2%). There are totally 34 types of nutritional supplement divided into 2 groups: 12 vitamins and minerals, 22 natural products. Calcium was the most taken vitamin and mineral (10.6 %) while fish oil was the most taken natural extract (13.27%). It was found that there were 41 interactions between nutritional supplements and medications for chronic illness, and the potential interaction was at 1 interaction (24.1%). Significantly, fish oil was the most potential food supplement causing drug interactions with amlodipine (8 time) and enalapril (4 time).

Conclusion: In conclusion, this study can help pharmacists in order to evaluate the possibility of dietary supplement – drug interactions and giving the consumers practical advice for taking medications.

Email: chujang@hotmail.com

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