PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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(Article 39 | POJ_0033)

Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: March 20, 2017

Abstract ID = 16

Title: Factors affecting the nutritional status of Filipino elderly in home care settings

Author(s): Allan B. de Guzman (1,2,3), Ellysha Kaira V. Asuncion (1), Patrick Francis V. Guevara (1), Joshua Kenneth M. Santos (1), Salina Biene B. Teo (1), Diane S. Mendoza (1)

Institution where study was conducted:

  1. Nutrition and Dietetics Department, College of Education
  2. The Graduate School
  3. Research Center for Social and Educational Issues

University of Santo Tomas, 1015, The Philippines


Background: Elderly people are generally at increased risk of malnutrition due to a number of age-related factors, insufficient food intake, and number of morbidities. However, there is little research in the local setting regarding the factors that affect the nutritional status of institutionalized elderly.

Objectives: To explore the factors affecting the nutritional status of Filipino elderly in home care institutions.

Methods: Ninety-nine elderly from five different home care institution participated in this study. A robotfoto was used to obtain the demographic and general health information data, anthropometric procedures were performed to measure nutritional status, geriatric depression scale was adopted to identify possibility of depression, physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE) was used to measure physical activity, and a three day 24-hr food recall was used to quantify nutritional intake.

Results: The use of partial least square model revealed a significant influence of age on nutritional intake (p = <0.01) and number of morbidities (p = 0.02). Length of stay in home care institution affects nutritional intake (p = 0.02), and nutritional intake alters nutritional status (p = <0.01). Surprisingly, depression (p = 0.30) and morbidities (p = 0.30) shows no significant effect on nutritional intake, as well as age to the level of depression (p = 0.30), and physical activity to nutritional status (p = 0.21).

Conclusion: Significant findings of this study imply the need to strengthen policies and practices as well as intensify efforts in ensuring proper nutritional care, feeding techniques, and quality of meals in home care institutions to avoid risks of malnutrition and its associated effects.


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