PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

(Article 57 | POJ_0052)

Thesis Abstract

A Comparative study on the knowledge of parents on diet quality of children with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and diet profile of children with AD/HD

Introduction | Methodology | Results | Conclusion | Back to Total Names Codes

Submitted: 2013


INSTITUTION WHERE STUDY WAS DONE: Philippine Women's Univeristy, Metro-Manila, Philippines



Research. Objectives

  1. To determine the knowledge of parents/ guardians of Filipino children with or without AD/HD in regards to the role of diet with AD/HD
  2. To assess the quality of the usual food intake of children diagnosed with AD/HD
  3. To correlate if nutrition knowledge of the parents and guardians is associated with quality of dietary intake of children with AD/HD
  4. To correlate the profile of the parents and the children with the diet quality and nutrition knowledge in relation to AD/HD


A cross sectional descriptive analytical research design was employed in this study. Selection of respondents used convenience or purposive sampling technique. Thirty parents/guardians with AD/HD children from AD/HD society of the Philippines and 30 parents of children without AD/HD are the respondents of the study. A profile and knowledge questionnaire was accomplished by both groups and food frequency questionnaire by the parents of children with AD/HD. The profile questionnaire includes socioeconomic status of the parents and their involvement in support groups for AD/HD. Part of the questionnaire also asked the profile of the children such as age, age of diagnosis, type of AD/HD and Medications or supplements taken. The Knowledge questionnaire focused on the relationship of diet with AD/HD and specific nutrients and food types such as zinc, omega 3 fatty acids, food coloring and additives, healthy diet pattern and western type of diet. The food frequency questionnaire focused on food sources of nutrients and food patterns that are shown to have an effect to AD/HD. The significant difference of the knowledge on Diet and AD/HD of both groups were measured using t-test. ETA statistical analysis was used to measure the correlation of the parent's profile to their knowledge and the profile of children and the diet quality.


Knowledge results showed that parents of children with AD/HD appeared knowledgeable on certain nutrients such as omega 3 fatty acids, effect of healthy diet pattern (high fiber, high folate diet) and effect of some ingredients such as food additives and colorings to the behavior of children with AD/HD. On the other hand, knowledge questions on the relationship of zinc and western diet patterns showed no difference on both groups. When the relationship of the parents' profile and diet knowledge was statistically calculated, no relationship was noted. The same with the AD/HD child's profile and diet quality, no relationship was noted. The relationship of the parent's knowledge and the diet quality of children with AD/HD was also statistically calculated. ETA results showed no relationship between the knowledge of parents of a and diet quality of AD/HD.


No relationships were noted between diet knowledge and parents’ profile, AD/HD child profile and diet quality and parents’ knowledge and diet quality of children with AD/HD.


  1. Include the in the list of advantages of breastfeeding the positive effect of correct breastfeeding to the mental health of children, particularly to AD/HD
  2. Reiterate the importance of a varied healthy diet even to other age groups hat would greatly affect the future generation
  3. Though the results of food frequency showed that children with AD/HD does not consume much foods that should be in the avoided list (western/unhealthy diet), a focus on increasing the variety and intake of foods in the recommended list (omega 3, folate, fiber, zinc) should be given more attention
  4. General guidelines on diet' intervention for AD/HD should be initiated with recommendations based on local respondents or studies
  5. Nutrition education programs should focus across all economic status or background, specific food and nutrition topics must be tackled based on the medical history of individuals with AD/HD.
  6. Nutrition education should focus not only on creating awareness but also on practical applications, locally translated to Filipino culture
  7. Use the combination of nutrition with culinary arts in promoting wholesome dishes made from fresh, locally available ingredients high in nutrients that will help not only individuals with AD/HD but for the general population
  8. Support groups may be an avenue for nutrition education programs and to work with them in disseminating nutrition information, not limited to AD/HD individuals and their family
  9. To tap support groups in helping nutrition information dissemination then extending to other groups and lay people
  10. Further studies; particularly a bigger number of respondents are recommended for future researches. Quantitative method in measuring the diet quality may also be employed
  11. Trainings to Health practitioners, particularly dietitians should be conducted intensively

Introduction | Methodology | Results | Conclusion | Back to Total Names Codes