PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

Back to Total Names Codes

(Article 94 | POJ_0088)

Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: August 15, 2017

Abstract ID = 58 | Classification: (10) - Others

Title: Knowledge, attitude, and counseling skills of training resident physicians about nutrition at Iloilo Mission Hospital (IMH) for the year 2017

Author(s): Basadre L V (1), Praire F C, (1), Omena J L (1), Barbasan J D (1), Dayaday D J (1), & Woo BA F (1)

Institution where study was conducted: (1) Iloilo Mission Hospital, Philippines

Keywords: Nutrition, Nutrition education, Knowledge, Attitude, Counseling skills, & Resident physicians

Background: Obesity and diet-related diseases have been on the rise in the last few decades. Despite the benefits of good nutrition, nutrition education remains lacking in many residency training programs. Various studies indicate that physicians have little training in nutrition and poor knowledge about the subject.

Objectives: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and counseling skills related to clinical nutrition among a cohort of training residents of IMH for the year 2017.

Methods: A Descriptive study, utilizing the Cross Sectional, Analytical design. Knowledge in nutrition, attitude and counseling skills were measured using previously validated questionanaires.

Results: Of the 38 target respondents, only 25 completed the survey. Only eight percent (2/25) of residents had prior nutrition exposure, defined as either completed undergraduate or graduated coursework in nutrition, or reported nutrition education in medical school. The response rate of this study was 65.79%. The mean score in the knowledge test was 14 (56%). Most of the residents were knowledgeable in basic nutrition questions, however had deficits in areas such as energy expenditure, endocrine, and nephrology. All residents have positive attitude towards nutrition regardless of department, year level, or sex. Most are highly skilled in nutrition counseling. There was a correlation between the kind of attitude, and counseling skills of the training resident physicians (p-value 0.005). A positive attitude will have better skills in counseling patients with regards to nutrition.

Conclusion: Residents consider nutrition counseling as a priority and do have a positive attitude towards it. However, they lack sufficient knowledge to effectively provide adequate nutrition education among their patients.