PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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(Article 97 | POJ_0091)

Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: August 11, 2017

Abstract ID = 61 | Classification: (10) - Others

Title: Dietary Adherence, Physical Activity and Prevalence of Complications of People with Type 2 Diabetes

Author(s): Factoriza, O., Dela Rosa, M., Mendoza, D.

Institution where study was conducted: University of Perpetual Help System Laguna

Keywords: type 2 DM, diabetes, dietary adherence, physical activity, complications

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease that has no cure. It requires oral medications or insulin injection, proper diet, and exercise. Low adherence to the diet and physical inactivity may put them at risk and lead to complications.

Objectives: To determine the level of adherence to the required diet, level of physical activity and prevalence of diabetic complications among type 2 diabetics.

Methods: A descriptive survey method was done. Thirty respondents submitted themselves for the study.

Results: The results of the study showed that Type 2 DM is more prevalent among people aged 55-64 years old, females and those with low physical activity. Most of them do not adhere to the required diet. There is no significant difference between the level of adherence to the required diet when the respondents are grouped according to age and diabetic complication. However, in terms of gender, female adhere better to the prescribed diet than males. Results also showed that there is no significant difference between the level of physical activity when the respondents are grouped according to age, gender and diabetic complications.

Conclusion: It is recommended that people with Type 2 DM should adhere to a healthy diet and be physically active for them to avoid diabetic complications. Although these factors may not guarantee that complications may not arise, adherence to the prescribed diet as well as increasing physical activity may delay the onset of diabetic complications.