PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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(Article 105 | POJ_0099)

Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: August 9, 2017

Abstract ID = 69 | Classification: (8) - Pregnancy, neonatal, pediatric, lactation

Title: High Protein from Animal and Plant Based Diet Have Almost Same Effects on Post-energy Expenditure and Satiety in Young Adult

Author(s): Tsani AFA (1), Lee MJ (2), Kim EK (2)

Institution where study was conducted::

  1. Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia;
  2. Department of Food and Nutrition, Gangneung Wonju National University, South Korea

Keywords: thermic effect of food, high protein diet, satiety, young adult

Background: Changing nutrient sources is believed to be one of the efforts which may be relevant for weight loss program.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of high protein diets using animal (chicken) and plant (tofu) sources on thermogenic effect (TEF) and satiety sensation.

Methods: Ten female adults (mean age 20.8+1.2 y) participated in two isocaloric diet ingestions. Each meal provided 30% of the daily basal energy need (32/26/42% as protein/fat/carbohydrates, respectively). Postprandial energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry, while satiety profiles were estimated by visual analogue scales (VAS). The satiety profiles included hunger, fullness, appetite, and prospective food consumption.

Results: There was no significant difference in TEF, substrate oxidation, and satiety. The postprandial fat oxidation rate was higher than at the preprandial state, while carbohydrate and protein oxidation rates were lower.

Conclusion: In conclusion, no differences were observed in TEF, substrate oxidation, and satiety in animal- and plant-based diets. A high protein diet could be beneficial for weight loss, but animal protein does not appear to offer superior benefits compared to plant protein.