PhilSPEN Online Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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(Article 108 | POJ_0102)

Submitted Abstracts

PENSA 2017 Congress

Submitted: August 16, 2017

Abstract ID = 72 | Classification: (2) - Malnutrition and related issues

Title: Prevalence of malnutrition among 1 to 5 years old pediatric patients admitted in two tertiary hospitals using a locally validated and modified pediatric nutrition assessment tool (PSGNA)

Author(s): Macalintal, Mercedita M., MD

Institution where study was conducted: (1) Makati Medical Center, Metro-Manila, Philippines, (2) Asian Hospital and Medical Center, Metro-Manila, Philippines

Keywords: prevalence, malnutrition, pediatric, nutrition assessment tool, validated, PSGNA

Background: Malnutrition continues to be a pressing issue around the world, particularly in children ages 1-5 years old. It especially lacks attention in the hospital setting, where the nutritional status of pediatric patients is only a secondary concern to the primary medical condition. In the Philippines, there is a lack of effective management and assessment solutions to child malnutrition, not just in the community, but in the hospital setting as well.

Objectives: This study thus intends to determine the nutritional status and prevalence rate of malnutrition among hospitalized pediatric patients with the use of a locally validated nutrition assessment tool.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was conducted to 208 pediatric patients ages 1-5 years old admitted in two tertiary hospitals. The study used the locally validated PSGNA form and primarily relied on the nutrition-focused medical history, physical examination, and dietary history of the patients.

Results: Malnutrition prevalence rate was found at 26.4%; overall severe malnutrition rate at 7.2%; and the overall severe nutrition risk at 6%. There were no notable changes in nutritional status between the time admission and time of discharge of patients.

Conclusion: This study found that malnutrition is prevalent among pediatric patients ages 1-5 years old admitted in tertiary hospitals. However, there were no changes in nutritional status between the time of admission and time of discharge of patients.